Nationwide Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage

Traditional milling in wind- or water mills

The miller guild aims at preserving the traditional miller craft. Therefore, the guild provides pre- and early industrial mill engineering knowledge and experience. Thus, the miller guild ensures the transfer of specific craftsmanship skills by supporting craftsman training.

Facts & figures

  • Crucial date: throughout the year
  • Inscription: 2018
  • Domains: traditional craftsmanship, knowledge and practice concerning nature and the universe


Die Müllergilde – Interessengemeinschaft für das traditionelle Müllerhandwerk und historische Mühlen e.V.
Eckhard Meyer

Milling is one of the oldest professions in the world. Today, traditional millers have become rare. In the 18th and 19th centuries, mills were prevalent and rendered themselves conspicuous by efficiently natural resources. There are more than 180 different types to use mills. Mill factories laid the foundation for the industrial revolution. Even today, many landscapes in Germany are still characterized by water mills.

Out of 50.000 former mills, there are approximately 50 mills that keep ancient work techniques alive in Germany. In addition to these professionally active mills, there is an increasing number of wind and water mills, which operate on a semi-professional, rather voluntary basis. Doing so, those volunteers advocate for preserving the milling industry and pass on knowledge to future generations.

Individuals and associations provide training courses in order to teach how to deal with a windmill or watermill. They make an effort to convey the ability to practice traditional handcrafting.


Wissen. Können. Weitergeben..
Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission, 2017